 # Integers

Whole Numbers and Integers

Whole Numbers

Whole Numbers are simply the numbers 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, … (and so on)

No Fractions!

Examples: 0, 7, 212 and 1023 are all whole numbers

(But numbers like ½, 1.1 and 3.5 are not whole numbers.)

Counting Numbers

Counting Numbers are Whole Numbers, but without the zero. Because you can’t “count”  zero

So they are 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, … (and so on).

Natural Numbers

“Natural Numbers” can mean either “Counting Numbers” {1, 2, 3, …}, or “Whole Numbers” {0, 1, 2, 3, …}, depending on the subject.

Integers

Integers are like whole numbers, but they also include negative numbers … but still no fractions allowed!

So, integers can be negative {−1, −2,−3, −4, … }, positive {1, 2, 3, 4, … }, or zero {0}

We can put that all together like this:

Integers = { …, −4, −3, −2, −1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, … }

Examples: −16, −3, 0, 1 and 198 are all integers.

(But numbers like ½, 1.1 and 3.5 are not integers)

I usually stick to this:

 Name Numbers Examples Whole Numbers { 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, … } 0, 27, 398, 2345 Counting Numbers { 1, 2, 3, 4, … } 1, 18, 27, 2061 Integers { … −4, −3, −2, −1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, … } −15, 0, 27, 1102

And everyone agrees on the definition of an integer, so when in doubt say “integer”.

And when you only want positive integers, say “positive integers”. It is not only accurate, it makes you sound intelligent. Like this (note: zero isn’t positive or negative):

• Integers = { …, −4, −3, −2, −1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, … }
• Negative Integers = { …, −4, −3, −2, −1 }
• Positive Integers = { 1, 2, 3, 4, … }

how to add, subtract, divide, multiply integers .

Adding integers: same sign add but different signs subtract and put sign f the greater number. Subtracting integers: change it to adding and change sign of the second number. Multiply and divide integers: same sign positive and different signs negative. integrs integrs

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